Following independence from Spain in 1816, Argentina experienced periods of
internal political conflict between conservatives and liberals and between
civilian and military factions. After World War II, a long period of Peronist
authoritarian rule and interference in subsequent governments was followed
by a military junta that took power in 1976. Democracy returned in 1983, and
numerous elections since then have underscored Argentina's progress in
democratic consolidation.

Population: 39,537,943

Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile
and Uruguay

Map references:   
South America

Total Area:  2,766,890 sq km
Land Area:  2,766,890 sq km
Comparative Area: slightly less than three-tenths the size of the US

Buenos Aires

National holiday:   
Revolution Day, 25 May (1810)

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