Following independence from Spain in 1816, Argentina experienced periods of internal political conflict between conservatives and liberals and between civilian and military factions. After World War II, a long period of Peronist authoritarian rule and interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976. Democracy returned in 1983, and numerous elections since then have underscored Argentina's progress in democratic consolidation.
Location: Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay
Map references: South America
Area: Total Area: 2,766,890 sq km Land Area: 2,766,890 sq km Comparative Area: slightly less than three-tenths the size of the US