The territory of Northern Rhodesia was administered by the South Africa
Company from 1891 until it was taken over by the UK in 1923. During the
1920s and 1930s, advances in mining spurred development and immigration.
The name was changed to Zambia upon independence in 1964. In the 1980s
and 1990s, declining copper prices and a prolonged drought hurt the economy.
Elections in 1991 brought an end to one-party rule, but the subsequent vote in
1996 saw blatant harassment of opposition parties. The election in 2001 was
marked by administrative problems with three parties filing a legal petition
challenging the election of ruling party candidate Levy MWANAWASA. The
new president launched a far-reaching anti-corruption campaign in 2002,
which resulted in the prosecution of former President Frederick CHILUBA
and many of his supporters in late 2003. Opposition parties currently hold a
majority of seats in the National Assembly.
Southern Africa, east of Angola
Total Area: 752,614 sq km
Land Area: 740,724 sq km
Comparative Area: slightly larger than Texas
Independence Day, 24 October (1964)
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