A unified Thai kingdom was established in the mid-14th century. Known as
Siam until 1939, Thailand is the only Southeast Asian country never to have
been taken over by a European power. A bloodless revolution in 1932 led to a
constitutional monarchy. In alliance with Japan during World War II,
Thailand became a US ally following the conflict. Thailand is currently facing
armed violence in its three Muslim-majority southernmost provinces.
Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand,
southeast of Burma
Total Area: 514,000 sq km
Land Area: 511,770 sq km
Comparative Area: slightly more than twice the size of Wyoming
Birthday of King PHUMIPHON, 5 December (1927)
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