Occupied by the UK in 1841, Hong Kong was formally ceded by China the
following year; various adjacent lands were added later in the 19th century.
Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and the UK on 19 December 1984,
Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of
China on 1 July 1997. In this agreement, China has promised that, under its
"one country, two systems" formula, China's socialist economic system will
not be imposed on Hong Kong and that Hong Kong will enjoy a high degree of
autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs for the next 50
Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China
Total Area: 1,092 sq km
Land Area: 1,042 sq km
Comparative Area: six times the size of Washington, DC
National Day (Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic of China),
1 October (1949)
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