The "Republic of the Equator" was one of three countries that emerged from
the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Colombia and
Venezuela). Between 1904 and 1942, Ecuador lost territories in a series of
conflicts with its neighbors. A border war with Peru that flared in 1995 was
resolved in 1999. Although Ecuador marked 25 years of civilian governance in
2004, the period has been marred by political instability. Seven presidents
have governed Ecuador since 1996.
Western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between
Colombia and Peru
Total Area: 283,560 sq km
Land Area: 276,840 sq km
Comparative Area: slightly smaller than Nevada
Independence Day (independence of Quito), 10 August (1809)
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